Genus Garrya are vigorous evergreen dioecious shrubs with simple leathery leaves and small greenish flowers in pendent catkin-like racemes in late winter and early spring Details G. elliptica is a shrub or small tree of rapid growth and bushy habit, to 3.5m or even to 4.5m in mild areas. My garrya elliptica is approx 3m tall and 4m wide, and has been healthly and produced beautiful tassles for several years now. Young stems are fuzzy with older bark gray and smooth. In winter, it is lit up by pendant, silvery, tassel-like male catkins, 8 in. Not fussy about soil type, if well-drained. Garrya elliptica coast silk tassel Habit: erect evergreen shrub with dense, dark, gray-green foliage that grows to 12 ft (3.5 m) tall and wide. Garrya is an excellent choice in large gardens with ample space for a screen or a large informal hedge. In Sonoma County, it grows best from Santa Rosa west to the ocean where it can tolerate full sun as well as fog, wind and rain, and is not threatened by large changes in temperature. Leaves opposite, simple, elliptical, oval-elliptical to broadly obovate, 2.5-6 cm long, 1.5-4 cm wide, leathery, margins entire, light yellow-green and smooth above, paler below and pubescent or smooth; petiole to 1.5 mm, yellow-brown. it has had a black spot on the leaves all of that time. Propagate by layering low-hanging branches in autumn or strike firm 4in (10cm) shoot tip cuttings in summer and root in a propagator. Above: Garrya elliptica in the Cotswolds, England. Evergreen shrub, erect, dense, to 8 ft (2.5 m) high and wide, may be a small tree 20-30 ft (6-9 m). Garrya elliptica is a shrub native to North America and reaches adulthood 4-5 meters in adulthood. Garrya elliptica 'James Roof' Photo Locations: Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA, Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden - Claremont, CA and Mendocino Botanical Garden - Fort Bragg, CA. Wavyleaf Silktassel, Wavy-leaf Silktassel, Silk-tassel Bush, Coastal Silktassel Cornaceae (Dogwood Family) Synonym(s): USDA Symbol: gael USDA Native Status: L48 Wavy-leaf silktassel is a 10 ft. evergreen shrub with dense, dark, gray-green foliage. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. long. The shrub is grown mainly for its striking female and male catkins, which appear on separate plants. long, 1 to 1 1 ⁄ 4 in. Garrya elliptica: 5 Leaf blade apices acuminate; pistillate and staminate aments 2.5–7 cm. long (20 cm), dangling like Christmas decorations. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants in … In fact it takes quite a lot of shade. Unwanted branching may occur, creating larger size and denser growth. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources On plant the new leaves … Everything you need to know about choosing the right garrya for you. Generalitа. My garrya eliptica has a brown spot and the leaves are all dry and brittle. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. green. In habitat gardens, the purple fruits of the female plants are attractive to birds. Flowers are borne in long, dangling, creamy to greenish yellow catkins from December through February. Get PDF Reader Discover garrya. The Royal Horticultural Society has given it its prestigious Award of Garden Merit (AGM). Garrya elliptica Garrya elliptica Douglas ex Lindl. (In contrast, Garrya elliptica has wavy-edged, dark green leaves with gray, wooly undersides). | sbnum=7450 | pagenum=8692, (If clicking this link doesn't work, type the email address in your email program), UC Master Gardener Program of Sonoma County, © 2020 Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Dark evergreen leaves and dense habit make it a good choice for a hedge or privacy screen, as well as a specimen plant. A large bushy evergreen shrub with leathery dark green leaves. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through … Thick, elliptical or oval, leathery leaves are dark green on top with grey, woolly hair on the bottom, 1½-3 in. “Elliptica” refers to the wavy-edged, evergreen leaves. Members of the Garryaceae family are named after a secretary of the Hudson’s Bay Company, Nicholas Garry, who helped to organize the North American expeditions for British plant hunters in the 19th century. In fact it takes quite a lot of shade. It was staked firmly and has been in situ for about three years. Any necessary pruning should be done immediately after flowering; however, garrya does not respond favorably to remedial pruning. It is a very distinctive tree, with long tassel-like flowers. If Garrya are exposed to too much wind they can suffer from wind scorch (image left) which will brown the leaves. Garrya veatchii: 4 Leaf blade abaxial surfaces glabrous, glabrate, or sparsely to densely strigose-sericeous or strigose, hairs antrorsely appressed. This substantial, long-lived, shrub is even attractive when not flowering. Both species are native to the Pacific coast of the United States, but have not been found to hybridize in the wild. Garrya elliptica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Leaves opposite, simple, elliptical to oval, 4-6 cm long, leathery, margins entire and slightly wavy and irregularly turned under (revolute), glossy, essentially smooth and dark green above, paler and woolly below; petiole stout, to about 13 mm long, grooved and flattened above. Sun or part shade. Angiosperm - Flowering Dicot: Plants in this group have two embryonic leaves (dicotyledons). ... Leaves Elliptic, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen. How can I treat this and is it likely to infect a garrya I am about to plant? Accessed 2020-11-18. The Plants Database includes the following 9 species of Garrya . This is a great winter flowering tree growing to 8m tall. Garrya elliptica - Coast Silktassel Wavy-leaf Silk Tassle is a familiar native species here in Southern Oregon, and because of its foliage, is a unique and pleasing ornamental specimen. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. Site Information The catkins (tassels) are produced in profusion from mid-winter through until early spring. Prune immediately after flowering. Leaves narrow-oblong, 2 1 ⁄ 2 to 4 in. Garrya elliptica likes a sunny or a slightly shaded position. During August this year 2012 entire branches have sytarted dying back, while others are healthy and producing next spring's tassles. Evergreen shrub, erect, dense, to 8 ft (2.5 m) high and wide, may be a small tree 20-30 ft (6-9 m). It is generally deer resistant. The two most popular cultivars are both male, ‘James Roof’ and ‘Evie.’ ‘Evie’ has a denser look than ‘James Roof.’. Garrya elliptica is ideal to grow against a wall to provide shelter and to display the catkins. It has a dark brown trunk with a slightly cracked bark, the crown is rounded, densely branched; the leaves are oval, with a wavy margin, dark green in color, greyish on the underside, have a leathery consistency and are slightly waxy. About Wavyleaf Silktassel (Garrya elliptica) 24 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Garrya elliptica (Coast silk-tassel) is a common evergreen shrub native to the coastal ranges of California and southern Oregon, south to Los Angeles County. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Male catkins are longer and thus more dramatic, 3-8 in. Diagnostic Characters: The opposite leaves of Fremont Silktassel are oval-shaped, yellow-green, with light undersides. Considered a good foliage plant, can be grown as a hedge, moderate irrigation needed. Garrya elliptica is one of those shrubs that is best grown and trained on a wall. Nondiscrimination Statement, Accessibility Cultivars such as this are horticultural selections and hybrids, not part of the native ecology but work beautifully in … Garrya elliptica, commonly called silktassel or coast tassel bush, is prized for its catkins—long, pendant flowers—that cascade from branch tips among dense, green leaves in the dead of winter when little else is in bloom.This substantial, long-lived, shrub is even attractive when not flowering. In the northernmost part of this range, Garrya elliptica grows in rather barren soil on the seaward side of redwoods. This is a handsome small tree with dark green wavy leaves, a bit like a holly without the points. Leaves opposite, simple, elliptical to oval, 4-6 cm long, leathery, margins entire and slightly wavy and irregularly turned under (revolute), glossy, essentially smooth and dark green above, paler and woolly below; petiole stout, to about 13 mm long, grooved and flattened above. These broad-leaf evergreen shrubs are dense and erect, and grow from 7 to 16 feet tall and wide. Discover garrya. Allergenicity: Wavy-Leaf Silktassel (Garrya elliptica) is a mild allergen. Fruit are in grape-like clusters, each is round, about 6 mm wide, at first green but finally covered with a purplish-gray pubescence; may be present through the summer if not eaten by birds. Popular Varieties of Garrya Grown in the UK. Once seem in flower, you will realise how it gets the common name of Silk Tassel Bush. I have a garrya elliptica planted 2 years ago. Hardy to USDA Zone 8     Native to the Coast Range and near the Pacific Ocean from southwest Oregon to southern California. A few male cultivars with especially long "tassels" are available, 'James Roof' (30 cm), 'Evie' (25 cm). Evergreen shrub, many-branched, 5 to 15 feet (1.5-4.5 m) in height. in length; female catkins are shorter, reaching only 2-3½ inches long. But underneath, the leaves are wonderfully woolly and quite soft. Garrya × issaquahensis, commonly called tassel bush, is a cultivated interspecific hybrid of G. fremontii and G. elliptica. Flowers appear in winter, male and female flowers on separate plants (dioecious), male catkin-like clusters are yellowish to greenish then gray, 8-20 cm long ("silk tassels"), female flower clusters are shorter, 5-9 cm long. Garrya elliptica 'Evie' (Evie's Silk Tassel Bush) A densely growing evergreen large shrub or small tree with opposite 1 1/2 to 2 inch long elliptically shaped leathery leaves with slightly wavy margins and are dark green on the upper surface and gray with woolly hairs underneath. wide. Patrick Breen, Propagating Garrya. Wall shrubs need pruning to stay on a wall. Recommended citation 'Garrya elliptica' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. The egg-shaped leaves are dark green above and covered in white hairs below. View gallery. Garrya elliptica, commonly called silktassel or coast tassel bush, is prized for its catkins—long, pendant flowers—that cascade from branch tips among dense, green leaves in the dead of winter when little else is in bloom. org/ articles/ garrya/ garrya-elliptica/). Margins are wavy and may tend to curl. 29 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Fruitless. Dream on. Dallas, Oregon: Delbert Hunter Arboretum and Botanic Garden. Garrya elliptica is an evergreen shrub suited for growing against walls or fences. I sited it in a north facing position with a west wall behind it. Some gardeners seem to think wall shrubs will grow as elegant wall hugging plants without help! The unique characteristics of Garrya elliptica are its waxy convex leaves with wavy leaf margins, coupled with dense individual hairs on the leaf undersides that are scarcely distinguishable with a hand lens. Garrya elliptica ‘James Roof’ Wavy Leaf Silk Tassel is a beautiful winter blooming evergreen shrub native to the Oregon coast from Lincoln county south to Santa Barbara county California. Both sexes must be present for the female plant to bear its grape-like clusters of round berries, which are densely hairy and become velvety smooth with age. It reaches a height of two to five meters. Information Desk: Santa Rosa (707) 565-2608 email: mgsonoma@ucdavis.edu(If clicking this link doesn't work, type the email address in your email program)How to get help with plant problems, Click here to request a speaker for your organization, Click here to learn more about a free Garden Sense consultation, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, © 2020 Regents of the University of California Noted for its long, silvery catkins, Garrya elliptica 'James Roof' (Silk Tassel) is a large, vigorous, bushy evergreen shrub clothed in leathery, wavy-edged, dark green leaves. This evergreen shrub is native to the Coast Ranges from southern Oregon to Santa Barbara County. > 6: 6 Flowers Showy. Some species, notably Garrya elliptica, are widely cultivated in gardens for their foliage and the catkins produced in late winter.They are frequently grown against a wall, or as a windbreak in coastal areas. Amazing 1′ long silver gray tassels from late fall last through winter. Garrya elliptica. Garrya elliptica, like many California natives, is drought tolerant and must have good drainage, especially when planted in heavy clay soil. The main form grown in the UK is G. elliptica. Its leaves are glossy on top and give it good tolerance to industrial and coastal pollution. Flowers in Winter. How to grow garrya. Its leaf blades are 6–8 cm (2.4–3.1 in) in length, and the petioles range in length from 6-12 mm. Planting on mounds above grade and watering thoroughly every week or two until established is recommended when monthly watering is sufficient. Garrya elliptica ‘James Roof’ is the most popular variety because its tassels are much longer than the species, up to 30cm long and lasting for many weeks, making a striking backdrop to other, smaller plants. Male plants are more widely grown, as their catkins are longer and more attractive; one such cultivar, G. elliptica 'James Roof', has catkins up to 35 cm (14 in) long. Garrya will grow to around 2 - 3m, (6.5' to 10') larger in a more sheltered spot. Get involved. Farther inland, it needs partial shade and moderate irrigation but may suffer if the temperature does exceed 100 degrees F. In a protected spot, garrya is cold-hardy to 12 degrees F.Garrya elliptica has a moderate rate of growth to 10-20 ft. high and wide. Although garrya will grow on a wall of any aspect, they are one of those special plants that thrive on a north wall. Male and female catkins are on separate plants. It isn’t uncommon for plants to suffer fatal damage in winters with excessively heavy rains. 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